Outside of the Wilderness, the gloves provide 50% experience bonus while training on the Agility skill. In addition, the gloves provide 4x experience if players train while in the Wilderness. The gloves only last about 400 uses on any agility obstacle, this varies on what obstacle players decide to equip them on. The gloves provide no Attack or Defence bonuses whatsoever. The gloves should only be worn during the last obstacle to prolong the use of a pair.
Most people use up the gloves at the Wilderness Agility Course only for the final obstacle to get max experience and use little time.
Before 13 October 2009, it was impossible to keep the gloves upon death, as players could not access the course in Bounty Hunter Worlds and Protect item is negated in PvP worlds. Chances of death are also high, as the agility course is a hot spot for PKers. The update on 13 October allowed people to access the course on Bounty Worlds.